Очень много споров насчет принадлежности этой категории и родственных связях с алтайскими языками, куда входят тюркские языки. Очень много сходств с тюркскими языками. Прочтите. Grammatical features of Dravidian In grammar, the absolutely prevailing process is suffixation, the addition of suffixes. Grammatical functions are, however, also expressed by composition (the compounding of word elements) and by word order. There are no prefixes or infixes. Suffixes agglutinate (are attached to one another); e.g., Tamil connatilēyiruntu “from what was said” is composed of col “say” + n “past” + atu “3rd person singular neuter” + il “locative” + ē “emphatic” + y (an automatic insertion resulting from a sound rule) + iruntu “ablative” (iruntu comes from iru “be” + nt/u “past”). The major word classes are nouns (substantives, numerals, pronouns), adjectives, verbs, and indeclinables (particles, enclitics, adverbs, interjections, onomatopoetic words, echo words). There are two numbers and four different gender systems, the “original” probably having “male: non-male” in the singular and “person:non-person” in the plural. The pronoun has a category “inclusive:exclusive” in the 1st person plural. A characteristic derivation is that of “pronominalized” or “personal” nouns and adjectives; e.g., Old Tamil ilai “youth,” ilai-y-am “young-we,” ilai-y-ar “young-they.” Finite forms of the verb (forms showing person and number) are, ultimately, “pronominalized” verb stems; e.g., Tamil ati-( y)-ēn (“slave”—1st person singular) “I am a slave”; nal-(l)-ēn (“good”—1st person singular) “I am good”; pō-v-ēn (“go”—future—1st person singular) “I shall go.” The most characteristic feature of the Dravidian verb is a full-fledged negative system: all of the positive verb forms have their corresponding negative counterparts. Verbs are intransitive, transitive, and causative; there are also active and passive forms. The main (and probably original) dichotomy in tense is past:non-past. Present tense developed later and independently in each language or subgroup. In a sentence, however complex, only one finite verb occurs, normally at the end, preceded if necessary by a number of gerunds. Gerunds and participles, as well as verb-nouns, play an important role. The determining member always precedes the determined; e.g., Tamil pon “gold” + nakaram “city” becomes ponnakaram “city of gold, golden city.” Word order follows certain basic rules but is relatively free.